Examples of ways that U.S. foreign aid prevents child sickness and death

Preventable infectious diseases continue to be the primary cause of death in children under five. Undernutrition, often caused by disease, is a contributing factor in around half the deaths. An estimated 44% of global under-five deaths take place in the neonatal period (the first 28 days of life).
http://www.unicef.org/lac/Committing_to_Child_Survival_APR_9_Sept_2013.pdf

No country contributes more to global health than the US, or dedicates a greater percentage of its foreign assistance to health.
http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/7679-061.pdf

The US provides direct health assistance in 80 countries and works multilaterally through support to such organizations as UNICEF, WHO, GAVI, and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria.

Links: The following links reflect actions, particularly by USAID and CDC, to prevent the main causes of children’s sickness and death. (These links are illustrative, not comprehensive. Additional results in the global health, development and humanitarian arenas can be found on websites of Coalition partners).

Pneumonia and Diarrhea:

USAID Health-Related Research and Development Progress Report, December 2013

http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1864/Health%20Research%20Report.pdf

Global Partnership seeks to save kids from diarrhea and pneumonia, April, 2013
http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/article/2013/04/20130412145695.html

The Impact of US Water Programs on Global Health August, 2013
http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG-113hhrg82312/html/CHRG-113hhrg82312.htm

Declaration on Scaling Up Treatment of Diarrhea and Pneumonia, 2013
http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1864/PneumoniaDiarrheaDeclaration.pdf

CDC Global Water, Sanitation and Hygiene:
http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/programs/index.html

CDC Safe Water System:
http://www.cdc.gov/safewater/

CDC Cholera:
http://www.cdc.gov/cholera/index.html

Malaria:

USAID: Fighting Malaria
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/malaria

The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI), Fast Facts, April 2014.
http://www.pmi.gov/docs/default-source/default-document-library/pmi-reports/pmi_2014fastfacts.pdf

CDC and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, April 2014.
http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/resources/pdf/fsp/cdc_malaria_program.pdf

CDC Global Health Programs: Malaria
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/programs/malaria.htm

Lantos-Hyde United States Government Malaria Strategy, 2009–2014.
http://www.pmi.gov/docs/default-source/default-document-library/pmi-reports/usg_strategy2009-2014.pdf

InterAction’s “Aid Works: Malaria” Fact Sheet
http://www.interaction.org/aidworks/malaria

HIV/AIDS:

Tenth Annual Report to Congress on PEPFAR (2014)
http://www.pepfar.gov/press/c61873.htm

State Department Office of The U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator:
http://www.state.gov/s/gac/

USAID: HIV and AIDS
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/hiv-and-aids

USAID: HIV and AIDS:
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/hiv-and-aids

USAID: Reaching the Goal of Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV by 2015:
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/hiv-and-aids/technical-areas/reaching-goal-elimination-mother-child

CDC Global HIV/AIDS, On the Path to an AIDS-Free Generation
http://www.cdc.gov/globalaids/global-hiv-aids-at-cdc/aids-free.html

CDC Global Health Programs: Global HIV/AIDS
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/programs/hiv.htm

CDC Global HIV/AIDS, Dec. 2013
target="_blank">http://www.cdc.gov/globalaids/ and http://www.cdc.gov/globalaids/publications/dgha-overview-factsheet.pdf

Measles

CDC, January 2014 Eliminating Measles
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/measles/ and http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/measles/elimination.htm

CDC Global Partnership to Stop Measles and Rubella
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/immunization/infographic/mri.htm

Polio

CDC: What CDC is doing to eradicate polio:
http://www.cdc.gov/polio/what/index.htm

CDC: Updates on CDC’s polio eradication efforts:
http://www.cdc.gov/polio/updates/

USAID: Support to Polio Eradication Activities:
target="_blank">http://www.usaid.gov/news-information/fact-sheets/support-polio-eradication-activities

InterAction’s “Aid Works: Polio” Fact Sheet: Polio:
http://www.interaction.org/aidworks/polio

Neglected Tropical Diseases

(including lymphatic filariasis, trachoma, river blindness, schistosomiasis, and parasitic intestinal worms that afflict half a billion children)

USAID’s Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Program, May 2014.
http://www.neglecteddiseases.gov/about/index.html

CDC NTD Fact Sheet:
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/ntd/resources/ntd_factsheet.pdf

CDC: Global NTD Programs
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/ntd/global_program.html

CDC: Develop Global Policy and Guidelines for NTD Control Programs
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/ntd/cdc_role/develop.html

CDC: Conduct Research to Improve Existing Diagnostic and Other Tools Needed to Monitor Programs
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/ntd/cdc_role/improve.html

InterAction’s “Aid Works: NTDs” Fact Sheet:
http://www.interaction.org/aidworks/NTDs

Tuberculosis

USAID Tuberculosis, What We Do, April 2014.
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/tuberculosis

USAID Impact and Leadership, U.S. Government Report on International Foreign Assistance for Tuberculosis, FY 2013.
http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1864/USAID_TBFY13.pdf

CDC Global Health Programs: Global Tuberculosis Elimination
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/programs/tb.htm

CDC’s Role in Global Tuberculosis Control
http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/globaltb/role.htm

CDC: Where We Work
http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/globaltb/work.htm

CDC: TB in Children (Global Perspective)
http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/populations/TBinChildren/global.htm

Neonatal deaths

USAID, Maternal and Child Health, What We Do, April 2014.
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/maternal-and-child-health

USAID Health-Related Research and Development Progress Report, December 2013
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/health-related-research-and-development-progress-report

CDC: Maternal and Child Health:
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/mch/

CDC: Global Reproductive Health
http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/Global/index.htm

Undernutrition

USAID Health-Related Research and Development Progress Report, December 2013
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/health-related-research-and-development-progress-report

USAID: Nutrition
http://issuu.com/usaid/docs/csh5.28_finalwebreadysmallerfilesiz/10

USAID Improving Nutrition for Women and Young Children, What We Do,
http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/nutrition

CDC: International Micronutrient Malnutrition Prevention and Control Program
http://www.cdc.gov/immpact/

CDC Global Health Strategy 2012-2015
http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/strategy/pdf/cdc-globalhealthstrategy.pdf